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Parks & Reserves Page 3

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(ECP and CTSP grantees, reports, and other sites of interest for conservation geograpy, mapping and GIS. Grantees are coded by program and year of grant at the end of their name/state, i.e. e91 means ECP grant in 1991. c=cstp, cm=ctsp-mac, cs=ctsp-software)

NPS Sequoia and King's Canyon National Parks, Ca e94 . (Sequoia and King's Canyon National Parks, 47050 Generals Highway, Three Rivers, CA 93271-9651 tel(559) 565-3341, GIS Contact: Pat Lineback . "Sequoia is the second oldest national park in the United States. It was established in 1890 to protect the Big Trees in Giant Forest, including the General Sherman Tree , the world's largest living thing. . Park Museum Collection Profile . Sequoia Natural History Association . Nature Center .. GIS PROGRAM STATUS: Since the initial grant in 1994, GIS has slowly become 'institutionalized' in the park, with dozens of users in all departments. "GIS was among the tools used in planning the phased removal of cabins and other structures from the Giant Forest in Sequoia National Park, California...The GIS application developed at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California, can answer many important fire management questions. This map shows where fire should be restored (darker areas) based on greatest ecological need. Most of these areas are in the mixed-conifer forest and often coincide with heavily used areas of the parks. " Don't miss Wild or Prescribed: Two Kinds of Fire . GIS DATA DOWNLOAD page, including Fire History, Fire Classifications, Park Boundaries . NEW clickable Map

NPS Voyageurs National Park, Mn e97 . (Voyageurs National Park 3131 Highway 53 International Falls, MN 56649-8904 tel:(218) 283-9821 fax:(218) 285-7407 GIS contact: Sam Lammie, Email: ) GIS program began in 1989 with GRASS, adding PC ARC/INFO in 1992. Program has now expanded to 30+ networked NT machines running ArcView and ArcInfo for a wide variety of park staff. GIS Research Projects: "Testing of the Habitat Suitability Index Models: Moose, Lake Superior Region - A Geographic Information Systems Approach: This project uses GIS to evaluate two recently developed habitat suitability index (HSI) models for moose. Specific objectives are: Develop a GIS database for Voyageurs National Park, . Develop a model to predict forest understory based on the GIS database..." don't miss the MAP DOWNLOAD section .

NPS Yellowstone National Park Spatial Analysis Center, Ca e98 . (P.O. Box 168 Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190-0168 tel:(307)344-7381 . GIS Contact: Eric Compas, Jessica Baker), "The Spatial Analysis Center uses computerized geographic information to track cultural and natural resources, detect trends over time, and model ecological processes. The key to this technology is the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) software...The center has currently completed a soil survey and a landform layer. Potential future projects include a spatial geothermal inventory and a model of blister rust infestation in whitebark pine. " Available GIS Data Sets . Don't Miss: Example GIS projects and Sample Maps .

NPS Yosemite National Park e91 . (P.O. Box 577 Yosemite, CA 95389 Tel:(209) tel:372-0200 Gis Contact: Joe Meyer "Yosemite National Park embraces almost 1,200 square miles of scenic wild lands set aside in 1890 to preserve a portion of the central Sierra Nevada that stretches along California's eastern flank" GIS PROGRAM: "Yosemite National Park has a very active GIS program, with data development dating back to the late-1970s resulting in a rich (but never complete) dataset and a wealth of GIS applications. The GIS program is organizationally located within the Division of Resource Management, which is charged with management and protection of the park's natural and cultural resources, but is not the sole user of GIS. We are particularly active in fire management, using FARSITE to model fire spread, and using GIS in general to support fire management. We are currently partnering with ESRI (via contract) to develop a vegetation map for the park and immediate environs through the service-wide Inventory and Monitoring program. We are in the midst of a major planning effort, the Yosemite Valley Plan, and are using GIS data and analyses to guide decisions. In general, we are trying to infuse GIS into every aspect of the operation of Yosemite National Park. ". Yosemite Association collects millions in private donations to help the work of the park, and offers news, seminars, books, and Virtual Yosemite, complete with a live webcam and views. the Draft Yosemite Valley Plan is a new comprehensive general plan for the park being created using GIS. See for instance: High Value Resources Map .

The National Park Trust, Dc . (415-2nd Street, N.E. Suite 210, Washington, DC 20002 tel:(202) 548-0500 Fax: (202) 548-0595 "The Trust is the only land conservancy dedicated exclusively to preserving and protecting America's national parks....Thus far we have protected nearly 20,000 acres of land for the benefit of future generations of national park visitors." they protect hundreds of acres thru outright purchase, and negotiate funding, exchanges and grants with other partners over thousands of acres nationwide.

Rails to Trails Conservancy, Dc c99 . (National Headquarters 1100 17th Street, NW, 10th Floor Washington, D.C. 20036 Phone: 202-331-9696 Fax: 202-331-9680 . GIS Contact: Hugh Morris, ) ."Rails-to-Trails Conservancy was founded in 1986 with the primary mission of converting abandoned rail corridors into trails for recreation and non-motorized transportation. After twelve years, we have a staff of 40, 5 field offices, 80,000 members, and are able to document 1,000 such rail-trails in 49 states totaling over 10,000 miles of trail. RTC started using GIS in 1996 when Hugh Morris became the Research Director. At that time, ESRI provided a copy of ArcView 3.0 which we are still using. We have used GIS for a variety of tasks including mapping of our membership, our 10,000 activists, disbursement of trails by county, and some of the trails themselves, including the most likely coast-to-coast route. One of the primary activities of the Program department of RTC is to provide technical assistance to local trail organizations that are trying to establish a trail in their community. This activity requires significant public outreach at community meetings. GIS is the perfect tool for showing how a particular trail, particularly those in urban areas, will impact the community. With GIS, we have shown the range of community assets that will be connected by the trails such as schools, libraries, parks, etc. We have also imported Census data to show how many people will live within a mile of the trail (this is the typical maximum distance that a person will travel to a trail to use it to get to work or school) and are working on methods to predict commute trips on the trail. This last effort we are working on in collaboration with the Bicycle Federation of America (a 1998 CTSP grantee) as well as with local non-profits that are advocating for trails in their area. For example, in the Washington D.C. region, we have shown that nearly all the trails that have been built to date have been in the primarily Caucasian, wealthier parts of the city and used this documentation to build support for a trail in a part of town that has been left without such resources....We are now embarking on a project to make information about these trails accessible on our web site. We have been using ArcView GIS for 2+ years mapping the trails in point and line layers and would like to make this available to trail users and advocates around the country using the IMS. ". .See: U.S. Trail Information Center, a public service of Rails-to-Trails Conservancy. The Center includes information on 700 rail-trails around the United States."


All text by the respective organizations, January 2, 1997

Compilation & web design: Charles Convis, ESRI Conservation Program, April 2, 1996


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