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Parks & Reserves Papers 2

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(ECP and CTSP grantees, reports, and other sites of interest for conservation geograpy, mapping and GIS. Grantees are coded by program and year of grant at the end of their name/state, i.e. e91 means ECP grant in 1991. c=cstp, cm=ctsp-mac, cs=ctsp-software)

Long-term Ecological Monitoring and Ecosystem Studies at Bandelier National Monument and the Jemez Mountains (by Craig Allen, 505-672-3861 Ext. 541, USGS-Biological Resources Division, Jemez Mountains Field Station, HCR1, Box 1, Suite 15 Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544. ) "This study involves an array of research and monitoring work on ecosystem function in the Jemez Mountains, with particular focus on processes within Bandelier National Monument. Work involves determining ecological conditions and revegetation techniques in pinon-juniper woodlands within Bandelier, employing erosion bridges, vegetation line transects, burro exclosures, arthropod pitfall traps, and photo stations."

Making GIS Work in a Desert Park (1996 Paper, T.N. Potter, D.P. Guertin, M.R. Kunzmann, and J. Barnett)...Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (ORPI) in southwestern Arizona was established in 1937 to preserve the unique vegetation and animal communities of the Sonoran Desert....This paper will review the importance of cooperative partnerships in making the ORPI GIS program a success. The paper will also examine the program's brief history, a few GIS applications, and discuss the implementation process.

Monitoring Natural Resources in our National Parks (contact: Steven Fancy, Monitoring Specialist, "This web page is a compilation of information from a number of sources that may be useful to parks for designing and implementing long-term monitoring of natural resources. The intent is to make it easier for park personnel to obtain information provided by the prototype monitoring parks and other agencies and individuals." Sections include: Differences Between Monitoring and Research, DESIGNING A MONITORING PROGRAM, Sampling Design Considerations: Where and When to Sample .

Restoration of Bighorn Sheep Metapopulations In and Near 15 National Parks: Conservation of a Severely Fragmented Species (Singer, F.J., and M.A. Gudorf. 1999. Restoration of Bighorn Sheep Metapopulations In and Near 15 National Parks: Conservation of a Severely Fragmented Species. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 99-102, Midcontinent Ecological Sciences Center, Fort Collins, Colorado. 96pp. ) "The observation of bighorn sheep in their natural settings in the canyons, slick rock, badlands and rocky ledges of the national parks of the Intermountain Region stir the imaginations of the U.S. public. The restoration of this decimated and fragmented species to its former vast range in the parks has been a formidable task that is being undertaken by the National Park Service and U.S. Geological Survey. "

Using GIS For General Management Planning at the Gettysburg National Military Park (Curtis Musselman Historian GIS Specialist Resource Management Division Gettysburg National Military Park United States of America) " GIS tools are being used by the National Park Service (NPS) at the Gettysburg National Military Park (GNMP) to support the creation of a new General Management Plan (GMP)...The entry to the GIS of locations for historic resources such as earthworks, fences, woods, orchards, avenues, lanes and monuments has made possible the creation of series of maps with a variety of scales and content. For analysis purposes, the park was broken into ten zones based on the interpretive theme most important in each area. Overlays of historic features from four eras provided a zone by zone analysis of the amount of change in the historic landscape based on the total acreage or linear feet of the mapped historic features....A comparison of the 1863 and 1996 conditions maps shows clearly that today we have far fewer fences and orchards on the battlefield and nearly twice as much woods as in 1863. Since the differences in the amount of features on the battlefield as a whole is so great, the park was mapped into 10 interpretive zones so that we could understand for each of these how much effort would be required to restore the historic scene...."

Using GIS and Remote Sensing for Wildland Fire Management in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area () "The fire history database for the region was assembled by digitizing hundreds of 1:24,000 scale USGS quadrangles on which all fires from 1925 to the present and at least 100 acres in size had been manually recorded by the Los Angeles and Ventura County fire departments....The park inherited a 1930s vegetation map done by the United States Forest Service (USFS) as part of statewide forestry mapping effort done during the Great Depression. The dubious planimetric quality of this map is evident when compared to maps of the region completed under more stringent positional accuracy requirements. A more recent vegetation dataset was created by Janet Franklin at San Diego State University, in cooperation with the National Park Service, using spring 1993 TM satellite imagery and aerial orthophoto quadrangles (see Figure 3). The classification employed was a hybrid-Holland vegetation scheme, which park fire managers were then able to crosswalk to the standard thirteen National Forest Fire Laboratory (NFFL) fuel models (see Figure 4). Currently, the park is involved in a cooperative effort with NASA, University of California at Santa Barabara, University of California at Davis, and the USFS aimed at using hyperspectral imaging spectroscopy and collateral GIS information to develop a species level vegetation map and fuel load database (discussed below)...In conjunction with the improved fuel models being developed by NASA, UCSB, USFS, and the NPS a parallel effort aimed at improving fire behavior prediction is also afoot in the Santa Monica Mountains. Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are developing an atmospheric feedback fire model for use in shrub fires. Unlike previous fire behavior models, the feedback models are able to account for the contribution of localized advective and radiant heat energy on meterological conditions seen along the fire line. "

Watershed Restoration in Degraded Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands . by Craig Allen and Brian Jacobs (NPS) "A paired watershed approach (treatment and control, ca. 40 hectares each) is being conducted to evaluate a promising restoration methodology based on prior, successful small scale experimental results involving establishment of native grasses from seed through reduction of tree densities, slash and straw mulch applications, and fertilization. "


All text by the respective organizations, January 2, 1997

Compilation & web design: Charles Convis, ESRI Conservation Program, April 2, 1996


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