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Marine: Papers Page 1

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(ECP and CTSP grantees, reports, and other sites of interest for conservation geograpy, mapping and GIS. Grantees are coded by program and year of grant at the end of their name/state, i.e. e91 means ECP grant in 1991. c=cstp, cm=ctsp-mac, cs=ctsp-software)

Scholarly papers and ESRI Conference Proceedings

ArcGMT: A suite of tools for conversion between ArcInfo® and Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) (Dawn Wright, Ray Wood, and Brendan Sylvander ) "ArcGMT is a new suite of tools for converting Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) grids to a format readable by the ArcInfo® and ArcView® geographic information system (GIS) packages, and conversely, for creating GMT grids and files from ArcInfo formats. GMT has arisen as an unofficial standard among geoscientists for producing maps, particularly from marine bathymetry, sidescan sonar imagery, gravity, and magnetics data."

The Bay Area EcoAtlas Toolbox: Making a Regional GIS (1999 ESRI Conf Paper, Zoltan Der Robin Grossinger San Francisco Estuary Institute ) "...The Bay Area EcoAtlas is a Geographic Information System of past and present local ecology of the bays, baylands, and adjacent habitats of the San Francisco Bay Area. It is designed to support regional environmental planning and management. The EcoAtlas was developed with a wide selection of database, GIS and graphics software on multiple operating systems functioning in a collaborative mix of science, government and public participation..."

The Customization of ArcView as a Real-Time Tool for Oceanographic Research (Gerald A. Hatcher Jr., Norman M. Maher and Daniel L. Orange All from the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing California) "The customization we've created uses real-time navigation data to continuously update data files and the position and orientation of scaled graphic objects indicating the true position and heading of any number of vehicles and their location in geographically registered oceanographic data sets. For example: icons representing the heading and location of a surface ship and a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) are displayed on top of data layers such as: a contour coverage of seafloor bathymetry, acoustic reflectivity data, and previous day's dive tracks. "

Developing Manatee GIS Using ArcView Avenue. (1997 ESRI paper: Zhangshi Yin DYNAMAC Mail Code DYN-2 Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899 Telephone: 407-853-3281 Fax: 407-853-2939 E-mail: , Mike Provancha, Jane Provancha, Resa Reddick, Dynamac ). Defining Issue: There is a disadvantage to managing manatee spatial and attribute data in the long term without GIS. How can a manatee be developed for inputting, managing, displaying, and analyzing manatee data in ArcView Avenue? GIS Solution: An ArcView/Avenue program integrated with Oracle, ArcInfo, the operating system, and C programs was written to input, manage, display, and analyze manatee spatial and attribute data.

DEVELOPMENT OF GIS-BASED DECISION-SUPPORT TOOLS AND THE DATABASING OF PHYTOPHTHORA-SENSITIVE TAXA. (Ray Wills, Email:, Ph: +61 9 480 3640, Fx: +61 9 480 3641, Snail: Kings Park & Botanic Garden, West Perth WA 6005, Australia.) "Between 1992 and 1995, my program of research with the Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM) in Western Australia was aimed at establishing a GIS database bringing together relevant spatial biophysical data and remote-sensed imagery to provide information on the spread of Phytophthora and its proximity to populations of susceptible threatened taxa, and includes a study to model the dynamic effects of infection."

Facilitating Integrated Regional Ocean Management Using a Web-based Geographic Information System (Robert M. Neely, Programmer Analyst, Technology Planning and Management Corporation, Eric Treml, Programmer Analyst, Technology Planning and Management Corporation, Tony LaVoi, Spatial Data Analyst, Technology Planning and Management Corporation, Cindy Fowler, Senior Spatial Data Analyst, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Services Center) "...there is a great need for the development of ocean management information systems that integrate environmental data with spatially referenced legal, political, and jurisdictional frameworks to help resource managers and policy makers make sense of offshore jurisdictional complexities. With the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration providing leadership for the U.S., staff at its Coastal Services Center (CSC) are building upon ongoing state-level efforts to develop a regional model for a Web-based ocean governance and management geographic information system (GIS). This prototype the Southeast Ocean Planning GIS (Ocean GIS) will help facilitate the shift from fragmented management of individual ocean resources to integrated management of ocean ecosystems."

The Florida Marine Spill Analysis System - Using GIS to Support Marine Oil Spill Response in Florida (Presentation at Coastal GeoTools 99, by Henry A. Norris Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida Marine Research Institute GIS Coordinator 100 8th Ave. SE, St. Petersburg, FL 33701 (727) 896-8626 Fax:(727) 893-1679 e-mail: ) "This presentation will consist primarily of a live demonstration of the Florida Marine Spill Analysis System (FMSAS). This ArcView application was developed to support marine oil spill responders by providing data, maps and analyses for all phases of oil spill response, including contingency planning, real-time response, damage assessment, and long-term monitoring. The successful transferability of the FMSAS to other applications will be discussed along with a brief discussion about how the FDEP is working with NOAA and other agencies to develop a standard model for coordinating the future development of the FMSAS. "

Geographic Information Systems for RIDGE Research (From: RIDGE Events, 5(2):5-7, 11, 1994 by Dawn J. Wright ) "...GIS may also be used effectively in support of RIDGE-related research. The major advantages of GIS in this regard lie in its ability to: (1) provide integrated access, processing, and display of data from multiple sources and in multiple formats, projections, coverages, themes, etc.; and (2) simultaneously elucidate the spatial implications of data while analyzing their descriptive attributes (e.g., to quickly and accurately establish correlations, proximities, and coincidences between data layers while keeping data in their correct geographic location)..."

GIS Europe magazine (7)March 3, 1998.Special Issue on Marine GIS

The GIS Methodology Applied for a Statewide Assessment of Propeller Scar Damage in Seagrasses (Florida) (1995 Paper, Timothy J. Leary)...Seagrasses are a vital component of Florida's coastal ecology and economy; they provide marine fauna with improved water quality, nursery grounds, shelter, and nutrition. As the state's human population grows, threats to the health and very existence of these ecological communities increase. Habitat degradation has many sources (e.g., pollution, dredge and fill), but an increasingly common cause is scarring of seagrasses....As one component of this effort, the Florida Marine Research Institute (FMRI) investigated the distribution of scarred seagrass beds in the shallow marine and estuarine waters of Florida's coastal counties. Aerial photography was used to locate areas of scarring. Aerial surveys were then conducted in 1992-1993 to confirm and amend the demarcation of scarred seagrasses.

Identifying Regions of Persistent Giant Kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) Around Santa Catalina Island for Designation as Marine Reserves (1995 Paper, William W. Bushing) ...This study utilized a GIS to investigate the influence of submarine and terrestrial topography on the distribution of giant bladder kelp around an island off the southern California coast. Macrocystis pyrifera is an important species in the marine environment, serving both as structural habitat and food for a wide range of marine invertebrates and fishes.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems (Taylor & Francis, in press, Edited by Dawn Wright (Oregon State University, USA) and Darius Bartlett (University College Cork, IRELAND) "As marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well GIS communities, our hope is that this book will be a timely compilation of ongoing GIS research and innovation in deepsea geology, chemistry, and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering, and resource management."

NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) Use of GPS-Linked Field Computers for the Columbia River Estuary Change Detection Project . (L. Dorsey Worthy, Ph.D. Program Manager, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP), NOAA Coastal Services Center, U.S. Department of Commerce) "C-CAP has recently completed a project examining land cover change in the area of the Columbia River estuary. The change detection was performed by comparing satellite scenes from 1989 and 1992 from the Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite. This data is already being used by the city of Astoria, Oregon, to strengthen their zoning ordinances to control development in sensitive environmental areas. "

THE POTENTIAL OF SPOT PANCHROMATIC IMAGERY AS A TOOL FOR MAPPING CORAL REEFS: P. J. Mumby, M. A. Baker, P. S. Raines, J. M.. Ridley, A. T.. Phillips, Presented at the Second Thematic Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, New Orleans, Louisiana, 31 January - 2 February 1994. "Landsat (TM & MSS) and SPOT XS multi-spectral satellite images have been successfully used to map coral reefs. The use of SPOT Panchromatic (XP), which offers higher resolution but is confined to a single band of reflectance, has been restricted to providing morphological detail to refine marine maps generated using multi-spectral images. This study investigated the application of SPOT XP as a primary mapping tool for coral reefs in the southern province of the Belize barrier reef, Central America." .

Rumblings on the ocean floor: GIS supports deepsea research , (Wright, D.J ., Geo Info Systems, 6(1): 22-29, 1996. )

Using Geographic Information Systems and Hazards Information for Local Planning and Coastal Management (ESRI 1998 conf paper: Anthony LaVoi, Technology Planning and Management Corporation, Charleston, South Carolina, and Sandy Ward, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Services Center, Charleston, South Carolina ) contents: Alabama Coastal Hazards Assessment CD-ROM, Alabama Coastal Hazards Geographic Information System Databases, Shoreline Erosion, Coastal Flooding, Hurricane Storm Surge, Additional Geographic Information System Databases for Analysis, Geographic Information System Project Development, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), ArcView® Project Files, ArcExplorer® Project Files, Development and Evaluation of a Monitoring and Emergency Response / Crisis Management System for Oil Spills and Hurricanes .


All text by the respective organizations, January 2, 1997

Compilation & web design: Charles Convis, ESRI Conservation Program, April 2, 1996


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