ESRI Conservation Program Resources:
Academia: Papers Page 1
(ECP and CTSP grantees, reports, and other sites of interest for conservation geograpy, mapping and GIS. Grantees are coded by program and year of grant at the end of their name/state, i.e. e91 means ECP grant in 1991. c=cstp, cm=ctsp-mac, cs=ctsp-software)
Global and Local Spatial Statistical Analysis In A GIS Environment: An Example From A Semi-Arid Landscape (1996 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Barbara Bell and Arthur Getis, Ph.D)...The purpose of this paper is to share the results of recent exploration of 0.5 meter resolution remotely sensed landscapes using global and local spatial statistics in a GIS environment. An example is taken from ADAR imagery of semi-arid shrubland and grassland vegetation communities of the northern Chihuahuan desert of New Mexico.
The Global Demography Project (1995 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Waldo Tobler)...Thus it makes sense to assemble the terrestrial arrangement of people in a comparable manner. This alternative is explored here, using latitude/longitude quadrilaterals as bins for population information. This data format also has considerable advantage for analytical studies.
Global Positioning Systems, Geographical Information Systems, and Field Mapping Techniques to Support the Development of a National Biological Information Infrastructure Node at the USGS-BRD Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Arizona (by Michael R. Kunzmann, Ecologist, USGS-BRD Cooperative Park Studies Unit, National Biological Survey) "The development of a National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) at the USGS Biological Resources Division’s (USGS-BRD) Cooperative Park Studies Unit (CPSU/UA) is part of a large national USGS cooperative effort to make ecological data and related natural and cultural resources information readily available to land managing agencies and the public. A goal of the NBII is to establish a framework to create a distributed "federation" of ecological information Internet nodes relying on a network of state partnerships and cooperators. Concomitantly, efforts to collect important ecological data are becoming increasingly dependent upon Global Positioning (GPS) and GIS. The use of these technologies and integrated field mapping products such as GeoLink are increasing our ability to map and manage ecological landscape more efficiently and effectively in a distributed CPSU/UA-ART NBII program. "
GRID-Based Multivariate Analysis of Vegetation Distributions in the Spring Mountains of Southern Nevada: Integrating Canonical Correspondence Analysis and GIS (1996 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Andrew D. Weiss, Stuart B. Weiss, and Alisya T. Galo)...Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) and workstation ArcInfo GRID are used to analyze vegetation distributions in the Spring Mountains of Southern Nevada....CCA generates ordination axes that are linear combinations of environmental variables, and calculates the centroids and tolerances of the species or communities within ordination space. GIS is used to project the values of the ordination axes across geographic space, and to classify the landscape into probability or abundance surfaces for each species or community.
Hierarchical representation of species distributions for biological survey and monitoring. Stoms, D. M., F. W. Davis, and A. D. Hollander, 1996. in GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, GIS World Books, Ft. Collins, CO, pp. 445-449. (UCSB Biogeography Lab)
High-Value Natural Resources Identification Using GRID (1995 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Ailing Hsu, Greg Charest)...The final goal of this project was to identify high-value natural resources so local, state, and federal agencies can develop a resource protection management plan based on information provided by this analysis. Criteria used in this analysis included unfragmented natural land, undeveloped lake shorelines and river banks, high-value wetlands, rare and endangered species habitat, old growth forest, and other wildlife habitats. USGS 1:24,000 road coverages, land use data derived from Landsat TM images, and census data were used to derive fragmentation information. Ranking criteria for unfragmented natural land included size, habitat type, and population density.
Insolation, Precipitation, and Moisture Maps for a Virginia Geographic Information System, Scott Donald Klopfer, U of Virginia 1997 Master's Thesis, Fisheries and Wildlife Science, Dr. Robert H. Giles, Jr., Committee Chair . "Climate information is valuable in understanding the ecology of systems affecting wildlife. This information is often unavailable at the landscape scale. This study evaluated the applicability of several climate factor estimates at the landscape-scale, and illustrated the usefulness of estimated climate factors in ecological investigations....Landscape-scale estimated climate factors were used in 2 case studies. The first used logistic regression to examine the importance of climate factors to the observed distribution of 21 select forest cover-types in Virginia. The second compared the observed climate characteristics for the distributions of 3 species of terrestrial salamanders in Virginia. Winter temperature was the most important climate variable in determining forest cover-type distribution. Several differences in the climate characteristics of the 3 salamander distributions were observed and discussed. The conclusions of this study were that landscape-scale climate factors can be accurately estimated, and the estimates may be helpful in ecological investigations."
Land Condition and Vegetation Trend Analysis Using ArcView Version 2.1 and Avenue (1996 ESRI Conf. Paper, Kimberly Patraw, Tom Van Niel, Jim Long, John Crane, and Allan Falconer )...A land condition trend analysis (LCTA) package has been developed for the Camp W. G. Williams Army National Guard installation in Utah which contains a set of tools written in Avenue. These tools analyze vegetation and land characteristics such as cover, bare ground, canopy structure, fuel load, and species distributions. The tools perform the analyses using tabular data (vegetation transect data, floristic survey, and fuel inventory) in combination with spatial data (environmental, military, utility, and cultural layers) to produce tables, charts and statistical data.
Mapping Current Land Cover In Virginia, virtual slide show presentation by Dr. Dave D. Morton, The 3rd Annual Wildlife Society Conference GIS Symposium, October 2, 1996 Cincinnati, OH ."Throughout this GIS symposium and throughout the wildlife literature, land cover maps are used for a variety of purposes. What I would like to present here are the methods and procedures I employed to create a current, consistent, statewide land cover map."
A MODEL FOR EVALUATING PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GIS PROGRAMS (by Michael Barndt University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and the Nonprofit Center of Milwaukee . Prepared for Varenius Specialist Meeting – "Empowerment, Marginalization and Public Participation GIS", October 15-17, 1998, Santa Barbara, CA ) "This discussion will be drawn from observations of the role of GIS as a tool supporting urban neighborhood revitalization. Progress in this arena has been restricted by - limited resources, small local organizations with nonprofessional staffs and boards, the degree of "distance" between grass-roots organizations and government or business sectors and fundamental political differences among many players. Opportunities for GIS tools to overcome these limitations are often overstated. A number of models for community information and community research activities – often including some degree of GIS – have emerged over the last decade. Universities have sponsored many of these programs. A number of others have been demonstrations funded by foundations. In Milwaukee, the Nonprofit Center of Milwaukee Data Center program began as a more independent entrepreneurial model. Most of the initial funding came from community clients. "
Reserve selection as a maximal covering location problem. Church, R. L., D. M. Stoms, and F. W. Davis, 1996. Biological Conservation, in press. (UCSB Biogeography Lab)
New Horizon for Biological Field Stations and Marine Laboratories . (Lohr, S.A. et al. 1995.. Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Miscellaneous Publication No. 3. 36 pp. (available from Susan Lohr, RMBL, Box 519, Crested Butte, CO 81224). "Field stations and marine laboratories (FSMLs) have been contributing to scientific research and education for more than a century. Although suffering chronic funding problems, scientists working at FSMLs have produced major contributions quietly and consistently. Their discoveries in many cases are huge, although the facilities where the work was done are in general small in size and impoverished instrumentationally. After reviewing examples of scientific discoveries that have taken place at FSMLs, one marine laboratory director remarked: "These facilities have already done an amazing amount for this nation and deserve much greater recognition and support"."
All text by the respective organizations, January 2, 1997
Compilation & web design: Charles Convis, ESRI Conservation Program, April 2, 1996
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